Burdock is a Japanese root vegetable -a cultivated variety of our native burdock. A biennial with large leaves and delicious edible roots.
Sowing: March to May. Sow one seed per module about 2cm deep and plant out 4 weeks later.
Harvesting: In Winter.
Spacing: 1 square metre per plant.
Approx. seed count: 15
Burdock root is a underground tuber of greater burdock plant that found its use as a vegetable and medicinal herb. The plant burdock is a short biennial which believed to be native to Northern Europe and Siberia. In Japan, popular as gobo, it has been cultivated at larger scale as a major root herb since earlier times. In the nature, however, burdock sighted as a wild, easy-growing, hardy plant existing in almost any parts of the planet.
Greater burdock plant grows to about a meter in height. Its broad, heart-shaped, coarse leaves feature deep-green on the top and light green on underside, similar to that of in rhubarb. In the summer, its thick hairy stems of about 5 feet in length bear reddish purple tubular flowers, which subsequently develop into seed-heads or burrs with hooked spines. Close to its harvesting time, a deep taproot grows to a size measuring about 2-3 feet in length. It features slender browinsh root, similar in shape like that of carrot or parsnip. The burdock root has a flavour that closely resembles sweet taste of jerusalem artichokes or parsnips.
Almost all the parts of the plant are being used either meant for culinary purpose or as a curative remedy for certain medical conditions.
Just like its fellow Asterceae family member dandelion, almost all the parts of burdock herb too found a place in various traditional as well modern medicines.
Burdock has been used in many folk remedies as one of the best blood purifiers. It contains certain diuretic principles, which help expel toxic products from the blood through urine.
The herb is employed in the treatment of skin problems such as eczema (dermatitis), psoriasis, skin dryness, etc. The plant parts have been used as an herbal remedy for liver and gall bladder complaints.
Effusion of burdock seeds has been used for throat and chest ailments.
Burdock leaves and stems, in addition to their use as a vegetable, have appetite stimulant and are a good remedy for indigestion.